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Present Perfect

Present Perfect

The Present Perfect can be used to describe an experience, a continuing situation, or a change from the past to present.


Present Perfect Form:




past participle


For example:

  Example sentence Notes


I have been to the United States.

The action happened in the past at an unspecified time. When the action happened is not important.

Continuing situation

We have been friends for 18 years.

The situation started in the past and continues in the present. For and since are usually used.

Change in the situation

The Prime Minister has resigned.

The past is different from the present.


Using For and Since:

  Example Notes


For 18 years

Describes a period of time with a beginning and an ending.


Since 1998

Describes a starting point in time.



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