Debate: Organizing The Opinion
Students create an introduction and conclusion, signposts, reasons, and supports for a debate resolution. An ESL debate activity practicing how to organize opinions.
Time: 60 minutes
- Make one copy of the Handout for each student.
- Make one copy of the Key for the teacher.
- Prepare a list of debate topics, one for each group. Alternatively, use the debate topics from the Giving Opinions activity.
Ask the students to work in groups of three to five.
Give each student a Handout. Ask students to read the Handout and do the task in their groups.
Check the answers together as a class (answers available on the Key).
Resolution: the topic or opinion of the debate
Introduction: introduces the debate with the resolution and reasons as signposts
Signposts: short words that clearly define the reason
Reasons: the reason you agree with the opinion or topic
Supports: the support for your reason, such as an example, explanation, expert opinion, or statistic
Conclusion: similar to the introduction, but language is in the past tense
Give each group a different resolution from the list of debate topics. Their task is to create reasons, supports, and signposts for the resolution. Then, organize the information similar to the Handout.
Ask the first group to go to the front of the classroom and present their First Affirmative Constructive.
Ask the audience to listen and identify the signposts.
Continue with each group until all the groups have had a chance to present.
It’s best to do this activity after the Giving Opinions, Giving Reasons, and Giving Supports activities.